REFRESH Bioinformatics Group

ouR idEals: Fast, paRallel, simplE, Succinct, at Home (PC)

We are a joint group of researchers. This site contains various tools for bioinformatic data analysis developed by our group.


We invented and implemented several tools designed mainly for doing bioinformatics at workstation computers.


Classificier of reads from metagenomic sequencing experiments.

•  Kawulok, J., Deorowicz, S., CoMeta: Classification of Metagenomes Using k-mers, PLOS ONE, 2015; 10(4):1–23,


Compressor of multiple sequence alignments of proteins.

•  Deorowicz, S., Walczyszyn, J., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., CoMSA: compression of protein multiple sequence alignment files, Bioinformatics, 2018; :


Compressor of sequencing reads.

•  Roguski, L., Deorowicz, S., DSRC 2: Industry-oriented compression of FASTQ files, Bioinformatics, 2014; 30(15):2213–2215,
•  Deorowicz, S., Grabowski, Sz., Compression of DNA sequences in FASTQ format, Bioinformatics, 2011; 27(6):860–862,


Multiple sequence alignment designed for huge families of proteins (even containing hundreds of thousands of sequences).

•  Deorowicz, S., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., Gudys, A., FAMSA: Fast and accurate multiple sequence alignment of huge protein families, Scientific Reports, 2016; 6(33964):


Compressor of FASTQ files.

•  Roguski, L., Ochoa, I., Hernaez, M., Deorowicz, S., FaStore - a space-saving solution for raw sequencing data, Bioinformatics, 2018; 34(16):2748–2756,


Compressor of collections of genome sequences.

•  Deorowicz, S., Danek, A., Niemiec, M., GDC 2: Compression of large collections of genomes, Scientific Reports, 2015; 5(11565):1–12,
•  Deorowicz, S., Grabowski, Sz., Robust relative compression of genomes with random access, Bioinformatics, 2011; 27(21):2979–2986,


Genotype databases compressor with support for fast queries.

•  Danek, A., Deorowicz, S., GTC: how to maintain huge genotype collections in a compressed form, Bioinformatics, 2018; 34(11):1834–1840,


Genotypes compressor.

•  Deorowicz, S., Danek, A., GTShark: Genotype compression in large project,, 2018; ():


Memory frugal k-mer counter.

•  Kokot, M., Długosz, M., Deorowicz, S., KMC 3: counting and manipulating k -mer statistics, Bioinformatics, 2017; 33(17):2759–2761,
•  Deorowicz, S., Kokot, M., Grabowski, Sz., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., KMC 2: Fast and resource-frugal k-mer counting, Bioinformatics, 2015; 31(10):1569–1576,
•  Deorowicz, S., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., Grabowski, Sz., Disk-based k-mer counting on a PC, BMC Bioinformatics, 2013; 14():Article no. 160,


Tool for estimation of evolutionary distances in a collection of genomes.

•  Deorowicz, S., Gudys, A., Dlugosz, M., Kokot, M., Danek, A., Kmer-db: instant evolutionary distance estimation, Bioinformatics, 2018; ():


Index allowing queries for a collection of multiple genome sequences.

•  Danek, A., Deorowicz, S., Grabowski, Sz., Indexes of Large Genome Collections on a PC, PLOS ONE, 2014; 9(10):e109384,


Experimental compressor of sequencing reads.

•  Grabowski, Sz., Deorowicz, S., Roguski, L., Disk-based compression of data from genome sequencing, Bioinformatics, 2014; 31(9):1389–1395,


Index allowing queries for a collection of sequencing reads.

•  Kowalski, T., Grabowski, Sz., Deorowicz, S., Indexing arbitrary-length k-mers in sequencing reads, PLOS ONE, 2015; 10(7):1–16,


Multiple sequence alignment designed especially for GPU.

•  Gudys, A., Deorowicz, S., QuickProbs 2: towards rapid construction of high-quality alignments of large protein families, Scientific Reports, 2017; 7(41553):
•  Gudys, A., Deorowicz, S., QuickProbs – A Fast Multiple Sequence Alignment Algorithm Designed for Graphics Processors, PLOS ONE, 2014; 9(2):e88901,


Read error corrector.

•  Maciej Długosz, M., Deorowicz, S., RECKONER: read error corrector based on KMC, Bioinformatics, 2017; 33(7):1086–1089,


Compressor of collections of genomes given in Variant Call Format (VCF) files.

•  Deorowicz, S., Danek, A., Grabowski, Sz., Genome compression: a novel approach for large collections, Bioinformatics, 2013; 29(20):2572–2578,


Experimental mapper of whole genome sequencing data.

•  Deorowicz, S., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., Gudys, A., Grabowski, Sz., Whisper: read sorting allows robust robust mapping of DNA sequencing data, Bioinformatics, 2018; :
•  Deorowicz, S., Debudaj-Grabysz, A., Gudys, A., Grabowski, Sz., Robust mapping of whole genome sequencing data, Poster at The Biology of Genomes Conference, 2017;